Australian Koolie

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Australian Koolie – wikiFido-Dog Breeds, RescuesWorking Koolies from Australia
European Smooth coated Collie

German Tigers

Oxleys Weed

European Smooth Coated Collie
Imported 1840

German Tiger Introduced 1825
Current Koolie common type. Breeding strong 180 years

See also, Autralian History of the Koolie/Coolie Name
Koolie Rescue
Short History of the Breed:
All breeds began from many, the Australian Koolie is no different.

Our history books show us that serious importation of working breeds were around the beginnings of the 1800s, many books on the Kelpie, ACD and Stumpie refer to the influence of the merle breed in their foundations.
One such book by Author Angela Sanderson ” Australian Dogs” out by Currawong press refers to the Australian Koolie then called the German Collie, what is of most importance in her book is her own reference to a much earlier German writer Von Stephantiz and his book “The German Shepherd in word and picture” released 1925 in which he writes “The Australian graziers were sufficiently impressed with German sheep dogs to import them”, he then names the breed which were imported, one breed was the German Tiger ( pronounced with a long”e” not a short “i”) and describes them as long or short coated, prick eared type, of merle coloring similar to the type already found in Australia called the German Collie(The Koolie was still being referred to as a German Collie in 1925) this proves that German Tigers were imported to Australia, but it proves more importantly that the Koolie was established and recognised by its own breed name before actual recorded imported Tigers arrived.

We have recorded evidence that Elizabeth Macarthur, wife of John Macarthur who was instrumental in the establishment of the Merino industry here in Australia employed a German by the name of Joseph Pabst at her property in Parramatta Nsw in 1825 to care for her flocks, Joseph arrived with his family and a number of German working dogs, believed to be Tigers. (This would put the Tigers presents in Australia much earlier than recorded by Von Stephanitz, which is understandable as he went by recorded imports of that era)
This report indicates that Tigers could have been in Australia 100 years earlier.(This could also account for the similarities, Von Stephanitz saw, in the establish German Collie breed, he saw on his visit.)

The Tiger is not of the Collie bloodlines, but many early Tigers were mistaken for Collies and possibly when a grazier questioned a German migrant with a Tiger, “is that a Collie?” the German replying in his guttural heavily accented rough English, “No Koolie” He was in fact saying it was not a Collie.(The first German settlers to Australia, settled in South Australia, preferring to live within their own communities, they spoke German until WW1 – 1914)
The farmer believing this to be the name of this German breed could then have continued to refer to its like as a German Koolie.
A name which was first a description of a type of German herding breed, evolved into a name from a mispronunciation.

Over time there was the added influence of Collie bloodlines readily found throughout Australia, Koolies have continued to breed true to type for approximately 160 years.
Often we see the name spelt with a “C”, in 2000 The Koolie Club of Australia to register the club, avoid further confusion and to distinguish the breed as an Australian breed officially adopted the name Australian Koolie but does not dictate to their members how they should write it, that is left to their own preference, discussion at the inaugural meeting found just as many used Koolie as Coolie.
Physical Description & Size:
Tjukurpa Kool AdinaSizes range from 400mm (small Kelpie) to 550 (Border Collie)
Physical appearance depends on their environment and the Stockmans needs.
Koolies on cattle who are used in rugged large open terrain tend to have longer legs and heavier bones with solid frames.
Koolies on sheep, used for trucks and yards generally are smaller and have lighter frames with leaner bodies.
Coat type is mostly smooth, short or medium, long coats are not common.
Ears can be pricked or dropped.
Colors are blue/red merle, merle tri, solid black/red, tri, black & tan (white or heavily white Koolies are mostly deaf and/or partially blind)
It is strongly recommended to breed only from strong colors and or merle to solid to avoid producing deaf/blind white pups.

Oakleypark Koolie
Koolies around Australia and now in other countries share the same willingness, devotion and loyalty.
By nature they are adaptable and deliver what is required to get the job done.
They will be steady and reliable around ewe and lamb, hard and driving with rangy bulls, unruly steers, buffalo or goat.
Equally at home on the land working stock, in the sporting rings of Agility, jumps and all obedience disciplines, in Service tracking or snuggled up on the couch with their favorite person.
An intelligent dog which requires mental stimulus and regular physical activity to remain fit and healthy.
Not a breed recommended for a life in a small backyard, left alone for long lengths of time.
The Koolie Prefers to be with humans more than its own species and is only truly happy when in the company of their owners.
Tolerant of all other species when raised with them, loves children and can be quite maternal and protective of young ones they believe are in their care.
Easy to train when play drive is utilized, keep it fun and enjoyable for you both.
Dog Care
Koolies love their water and if they have ready access to it, there will be no need to for bathing.
Koolies do shed, but their coat is self cleaning and regular swimming keeps it glossy.
Some Koolies do have long feathers (hair) around their legs and rump and these need a weekly brush with a slicker to keep them free of knots.Tarraminna Koolie
Feeding should be kept simple, a good quality dry kibble, no can food and regular meaty bones for strong teeth and gums. Chicken wings for pups and mothers-to-be are an excellent source of calcium and EFAs helping to strengthen growing bones and teeth, be sure to feed raw. EFAs (essential fatty acids) keeps skin and hair healthy and joints and heart functioning correctly. EFAs can be found in fish, fish oil, poultry, vegetable oils, dark green vegetables, eggs, raw nuts and seeds.
A regular flea and worm program and in areas where they are prevalent, prevention against Paralysis tick mostly in the northern more humid parts of country, Heartworm which can be found in most states of Australia and yearly inoculations will keep your Koolie in peak condition, free of disease.

Health Issues, Life Expectancy:
Hunterslea KoolieRegistered Koolies of the Koolie Club of Australia are DNA tested for all Collie genetic diseases and several genetic dogs problems, such as sensitivity to Ivermectin etc and all 56 tested have been cleared.
To date the present Koolie shows a great diversity in its gene pool and this accounts for the low or no incidence of genetic or health disorders.
Efforts are being made to identify Koolie markers as continuance to strengthen Koolie bloodlines progresses.
Breeding programs have been improved with the reintroduction of solid colored Koolies and breeding from strong colors with little or no white, numbers of recorded white deaf/blind pups are decreasing.
Koolies like most breeds can not tolerate a lot of additives, preservatives and cereals, if given too much Koolies can produce allergies.
When a Koolie is kept in peak performance their life expectancy can be 16 years and many have reached 20.

Additional Resources
Koolie Club of Australia

Koolie Forum
Koolie Community Gallery
Koolie Rescue Nation wide
Koolie Refuge Qld
Koolie Adoption Nsw
Wikipedia – Koolie info