Once considered niche dogs, Pugs have skyrocketed in popularity in recent years. This surge in ownership is not surprising, since Pugs are extremely charismatic and charming dogs that make great pets.
Short History of the Breed
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Dating back to Asia earlier than 400 BC, the Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. While the exact origins and early history of the breed are unknown,
When the British invaded the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860, they discovered several Pugs and Pekinese, and brought these dogs with them back to England. The AKC recognized the Pug in 1885 and the breed has been a popular pet ever since.
Physical Description & Size
The Pug has a distinctive square, compact, thick, and muscular frame with loose, wrinkly skin. The coat is sleek and soft and comes in apricot, fawn, black and silver. Regardless of color, all Pugs have a short, flat, black muzzle, velvety ears, and a curly tail. The short legs cause Pugs to have a rolling gait, which most people find cute and amusing.
Pugs are usually around 10 to 14 inches high, and weigh a hefty 13 to 20 pounds.
Pugs are endearing dogs that are even-tempered, playful, mischievous, and very intelligent. While they do not have a tendency to bark, they do make great watch dogs in addition to fantastic pets. They are willful creatures that can get bored with repetitive training, and will benefit from attention, stimulating activity, and lots of play time.
Needs (exercise, grooming, living conditions, diet)
This breed is a seasonably heavy shedder, but otherwise the smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom.
They enjoy energetic games and will keep in better health if given regular exercise. But be careful not to over do it, especially if they start to wheeze.
Pugs should be kept on a regular diet and feeding schedule to prevent the breed’s desire to overeat.
Health Issues, Life Expectancy
Pugs catch cold easily and should be protected from excessive cold as well as extreme heat. They are prone to allergies and the short muzzle contributes to chronic breathing problems, including wheezing and snoring. They have delicate eyes and have a tendency toward conjunctivitis and watery eyes.
Pugs also have a tendency to overeat and can easily become obese if not kept in check. This can create or exacerbate existing breathing and respiratory problems.
In general, however, Pugs are a hearty, easy-care dog. Healthy Pugs can live 12 to 15 years or more.
Pugs belong to the AKC Toy group, along with other breeds such as Miniature Pinschers, Shih Tzus, Yorkshire Terriers, and Chihuahuas.