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Brief History of the BreedThe Papillon is one of the oldest breeds of dog, with a recorded history in Europe dating back nearly 700 years. Originally called "dwarf spaniels", these charming little dogs were faithful companions to European nobles and royals. The dog was later known as the Continental Toy Spaniel and this tiny breed is recognizable in 13th through 15th century Italian frescoes. It was featured in many paintings of the Renaissance period. In fact, much of the breed's development is known because of its depiction in paintings. As the breed developed erect ears that resembled butterfly wings, they became known as the Papillon, which is the French word for "butterfly". The drop-eared version of the Papillon is called a Phalene (meaning night moth). Papillons appeared in the United States close to the 19th century when the erect ear became more common.
Physical TraitsHeight: 8-11 inches
Weight: 3-9 lbs
Colors: White with patches of color, including pale lemon, red, chestnut, deep mahogany and black; a white blaze should be present on the face
Coat: Long, abundant, flowing, and silky in texture with no undercoat
Litter size: 2-4 puppies
General info: The Papillon has a tail which is long, plumed, and carried curled over the back. The butterfly ears are carried either erect or drooping. It's muzzle is short and a bit pointed, and it generally has an alert and intelligent expression.
CharacterThe Papillon is a vivacious, friendly, elegant, light, and dainty toy dog that is very lively and full of action. They love to romp and play, are very energetic and athletic, and most can be amazingly fast in agility trials. Papillons are much tougher than they look! They are extremely intelligent, easy to train, and quick to obey; in fact, the Papillon ranks as the number one toy dog in obedience. Much of this is due to the fact that they are incredibly loyal and devoted to their masters and they are perfect cuddle companions. Papillons are very gentle and affectionate, generally making them good with children and other pets. They can also be very calm and dignified and are not considered to be "yappers". They adapt well to almost any climate, which makes them great travelers. Because they don't need a lot of food and exercise they make the ideal apartment companion and they are very welcoming to guests. They have steady temperaments, clean habits, and love to be with their family. They are always eager to please!
CareWeekly brushing of the Papillon's coat is needed, and the pads of their feet should be trimmed to prevent splaying. Minimal bathing is required. Papillons can obtain their exercise indoors, but love to take walks outside and should be taken often.
Health Issues and Life ExpectancyCommon health problems include kneecap and joint problems, as well as difficulty under anesthesia. In general, they are a very healthy breed and can live up to 16 years.
Papillons on WikiFido
Latest page update: made by sands904
, May 6 2009, 4:03 PM EDT
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