Like their peers, the Shih Tzu and the Pekingese, Pomeranians have a reputation for being a glamorous and spoiled lap dog for the rich and elite. However, Pomeranians make great pets for anyone who has the time and love to shower on these fluffy creatures.
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Short History of the Breed
Pomeranians originated in Prussia from ancient Spitz dogs. They were brought to Europe originally to herd sheep, but quickly found a place in the homes of Europe’s rich and famous. Early Pomeranian pet owners were Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, and Queen Victoria, who contributed to the popularity of Pomeranians in England during the late 19th century.
Pomeranians were acknowledged as a separate breed by the AKC in 1900.
Physical Description & Size
Pomeranians are most recognizable for their diminutive size and round, pansy-shaped faces that showcase large expressive eyes.
Pomeranians have a distinctive feathered tail that fans forward over the back. There is an abundant ruff around the neck and chest area. The profuse fluffy double coat usually comes in solid colors, the most common being red, orange, white or cream, blue, brown or black.
One of the smallest of the Toy breeds, Pomeranians are usually just seven to 12 inches tall and weigh an average of three to seven pounds.
Pomeranian are lively, intelligent, affectionate, and fiercely loyal to their owner or handler. This breed is also known for being willful, bold, and temperamental. Despite their petite size, Pomeranians pack a mean and surprisingly loud bark, which makes them excellent watch dogs.
Pomeranians can be testy and nippy around too much activity, and thus, are not suitable for households with small children or other high-stung pets. They do require a fair amount of attention to thrive, and make great companions for elderly people who have the time to devote to dogs of this nature.
Proper socialization is important to ensure any undesirable behaviors are minimized in adulthood.
Needs (exercise, grooming, living conditions, diet)
Pomeranians will get plenty of exercise if given a yard to run around in. They also have great endurance and love long walks, which makes them suitable as apartment and urban pets as well.
The Pomeranian is a constant shedder that loses its undercoat twice a year. The Pomeranian’s very long, double coat should be brushed frequently, and although this is a time-consuming task, is relatively easy to maintain.
Since Pomeranians are prone to early tooth loss, dry food is recommended to keep the teeth and gums in good condition. Good luck with that, since Pomeranians are also notorious picky eaters!
Health Issues, Life Expectancy
Some Pomeranian blood lines are prone to dislocated knee caps, heart and skin problems, and eye infections. Acquiring a dog from a reputable breeder can prevent many of these genetic problems.
Like most other Toy breeds, Pomeranians are usually long-lived, with a life expectancy of 15 years or more.
Pomeranians belong to the AKC Toy group, which also includes Shih Tzus, Yorkshire Terriers, and Chihuahuas.